Tag Archives: Glover

Military Monday-All Gave Some, Some Gave All in World War II

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World War II began in Europe in September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The United States was not involved until December 7, 1941 when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. That day, our president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt made the statement that this was “a date that will live in infamy”. The following day, December 8, 1941, the United States declared war on Japan and Germany.

In order to give you a better understanding of the impact this war had on my families, I will tell you that my great-grandfather, Benjamin Noel Bain, and his sister Sara Bain Stout, my great grand-aunt, both moved to Ida, Louisiana in the early 1880s. They were pillars of the community and raised their families there. During the 1940’s times were difficult. Jobs were scarce and many young men went into the Civilian Conservation Corp that operated from 1933-1942. The CCC was for unemployed single men, ages 18-25, to relieve families who had difficulties finding jobs during the Great Depression. They were provided shelter, clothing, food and wages of $30.00 per month of which $25.00 had to be sent home to their families. There was gas rationing and no tires. Many products that could be used in the war were difficult to find much less afford. Families took care of each other. Women worked as never before and became Rosie the Riveters. My aunt, Anna Martin Dodd worked at the Army Ammunition Depot. Some men were either drafted or enlisted, not only to support The United States, but their families as well. All Gave Some. All were forced to give or give up something.

I do not know the population of Ida during the 1940s; however I do know that there were 150 young men and women that served in World War II. Of those 150, at least 18, (or 12%), were direct descendants of these two individuals. Some parents had four or five family members involved in the conflict. I can’t even begin to imagine the worry, love and concern these parents felt. I would like to share some of my Martin and Bain heroes that were involved in that conflict, which was supposedly “the war to end all wars”. The one where Some Gave All.

Children of JOHN HENRY AND MAMIE ALMEDIA WYNN BAIN:

Chris BainMina Chrystal Bain Bond served as a Pvt. in the WAC as a photographer and worked at the Navy Hospital in Hot Springs, AR.

 

 

 

 

Rex BainRex was a 1C Petty Officer in the Navy Stationed in the Hawaiian Islands where Admiral Chester Nimitz was the Commander of the Pacific Ocean Areas. He was stationed on the northern side of Oahu at Makalapa when he received a call from his brother, Max (see below). Rex went to see him at Pearl Harbor, however Max was in Honolulu. Through some sweet talking, pulling strings and knowing higher officers, he was able to get Max transferred from the boat to shore duty; therefore Max was not in Pearl Harbor when it was bombed. Max was able to finish his enlistment in the Navy on shore on Oahu. A brother takes care of a brother!!

Max BainMax was a Seaman 2 C in the Navy and served in the Pacific and was at Pearl Harbor.

 

 

 

 

Roy BainRoy enlisted in the Navy. From the book Ida 2000 by James Allison of Ida: “Roy in 1944 was a pipefitter at the plant in Oak Ridge, TN., that built the first nuclear reactor later used to build the first atomic bomb. After Roy left Oak Ridge, he joined the Navy and had basic training at San Diego. He was on a ship headed for the war zone in the Pacific when word came that the Japanese had surrendered.

Charles (Jackie) WestbrookCharles Jackie Westbrook was also in the Navy and was married to Ludie, daughter of John Henry and Mamie.

 

 

 

William Hinkle Stroud, JrT Sgt. William Hinkle Stroud, Jr. was in the Army and was married to Ludie.

 

 

 

 

 

Children of ED BAIN AND BUENA MARTIN BAIN:

Laurice BainLaurice was with the Ordinance Ammunition Company in Okinawa and served as a Sgt. in the Army.

 

 

 

 

J. T. BainJ. T. was a Master Sgt. in the Air Force serving in India as a mechanic with a P38 fighter squadron.

 

 

 

 

Marvin BainMarvin was a Staff Sgt. who served in England as a shipping and receiving clerk with the 8th Air Force.

 

 

 

 

 

Justine BainJustine became a 2nd Lt. in the Army Nurse Corp and was stationed at Camp Robinson, AR.

 

 

 

 

Houston BainJames Houston was stationed in Germany with a tank destroyer unit. He was a Tec 5 in the Army.

 

 

 

 

 

CHILDREN OF WALTER HOUSTON MARTIN AND EMMA PEARL BAIN MARTIN:

Ray MartinRay Houston served in the Army’s 60th Infantry whose commander was Gen. George Patton. He was a Pvt. and served in Tunisia. He had also been in the CCC prior to his enlistment. Ray was killed in Tunisia on March 29, 1943 however his body was not returned and buried until July 7, 1948. As a child I remember the family gathering at my grandmother’s home place where Ray’s flag draped casket was placed in the dining room until the day of the burial. Family members sat up all night with it until burial the next day. Children were allowed in the room but must be quiet at all times. At the time of his death, he was engaged to Mary Craft of Leesville, LA. In my genealogy research I have written for his service records only to find out the repository had burned and the only record I was able to attain was his last pay record from Tunisia.

Roy MartinRoy Ernest served in the CCC prior to his enlistment in the Army.

 

 

 

Claude Norris (Buster) GinglesClaude Gingles, married to Gladys Martin, daughter of Walter and Pearl, served in both the Army in the infantry and the Air Force as a fireman. He retired as a Staff Sgt. and had served in Germany, Panama, and the Philippines.

 

 

 

James HansonJames Hanson, son of Gladys, enlisted under aged in the Navy and was returned home.

 

 

 

GRANDSON OF SARA BAIN STOUT:

Fletcher's CablegramFletcher Adams served as an AF Captain. He was an Ace P51 Mustang Fighter Pilot of the airplane “The Southern Belle.” In Europe in the 357th Fighter Group, also known as “The Yoxford Boys”. He had married Mary Yancey and when he left for Europe, she was expecting their first child. The Southern Belle was shot down over Germany on May 30, 1944. Fletcher was able to bail out safely however he was found and killed by Nazis. Fletcher never saw his son Jerry but did receive a cablegram announcing his birth as shown in this photo.

 

 

 

 

 

Another announcement regarding Fletcher’s son’s birth is listed below.

Fletcher's son's birth

On July 24, 2010 the former one room post office that serviced Ida for many years was renamed and dedicated as the Fletcher E. Adams, USAF 357th Fighter Group Museum. The dedication included the following dignitaries: Louisiana Governor Bobby Jendal, Shreveport Mayor Cedric Glover, as well as some pilots of the 357th Fighter Group. Those in attendance included pilots Gen. Frank Gailer, Jesse Frey, Joe Shea and General Chuck Yeager, crew chief Pasquale Buzzes and widows of pilots Lt. Arval “Robie” Roberson and John Sublet. Joey Maddox, son of Ida’s Mayor “Smokie” Maddox has written a book entitled Bleeding Sky, the Story of Capt. Fletcher E. Adams and the 357th Fighter Group. Much of the content of the book is based on Fletcher’s personal diary.

A lot has changed through the years since Benjamin Noel Bain and his sister moved to Ida. The drug store has long been gone as well as the dance hall, saloons, train depot, sawmill, grocery stores, plantations, hotel and the iceman. Much remains the same like the community that is dedicated to each other, the preservation of the history of its first settlers and the American Spirit.

In conclusion I would say should your travels take you through Ida, be sure to turn at the red light and visit the Fletcher E. Adams USAF 357th Fighter Group Museum. Cross the street and see the beautiful marker that lists the thirteen (13) service men out of the 150 from Ida who died in World War II. The Ida Community Center also serves as a repository for documents and miscellany of all Ida soldiers who have fought in various wars.

RayMartin's name on Monument in Ida

All Gave Some

Some Gave All

Kookie

Dawes Packets and More Research

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I just finished adding the rest of the Dawes Packets for the children of Jane Willis Ridley, the granddaughter of Sanford and Jane Higginbotham, through their daughter Matilda Higginbotham Willis.  You can view them all HERE.

This chart will show you how I relate to Jane Ridley:

I haven’t even gone through all of the pictures I took at the Fordyce courthouse for Sanford’s Estate, but that is next on the agenda.  It may have some clues, or answer some questions and now that I have reviewed all the packets, here are my notes and things I will now have to research, or find the answer to:

as of June 12, 1900:

  • Mary Jane Ridley goes by Jane, has black hair mixed with gray, dark brown eyes. Doesn’t speak Choctaw.
  • 60 years old
  • born in Alabama, Chambers County, oldest child to Matilda Higginbotham and Paul Willis.
  • Lives at Post Office Duncan in Indian Territory (for six years now), they rent lands to make a crop
  • Moved to Texas in 1858 from Georgia
  • Sanford and Jane lived in Mississippi, but moved from Alabama to Arkansas.  Sanford had lands in Mississippi, Alabama, and Arkansas.  [Search Land Records in these States, I have previously only searched Arkansas]
  • Jane Higginbotham was a Holla.  [Really??  What about Holley??  Research this]
  • Mother to Jane R. - Matilda Higginbotham 1/2 Choctaw Indian and was 26 years old when she died in 1850.  [Research date of death]
  • Father to Jane R.- Paul Willis is also 1/2 Choctaw Indian.  [See if I can locate any Willis information in Indian documentation]
  • Evidence shows that Matilda and Paul were married and head of a household prior to 27 Sep 1830. [I show their wedding date as 08 Aug 1839, verify correct marriage date]
  • husband to Jane R. - W.M. (William) Ridley they married in 1858 in AL and they have two children under the age of 21, Homer age 19, and Charles age 14.  [Find marriage record]
  • brother to Jane R. - George Willis living in Atlanta, Texas.  Doesn’t know anything about his family, hasn’t talked to him in quite a while.  [Look for information on George Willis]
  • son to Jane R. - H.M. (Henry) Ridley, (43 years old) states his grandmother was a Holla, and married a Higginbotham and they lived in Mississippi.  He was originally the lawyer who represented Jane at the time she made her original application.  Wife name Lena, children Walter (21), Cleo, and Annie May
  • Other attorneys were Gilbert and Gilbert
  • son to Jane R. - William Ridley, (40 years old) lives where Jane lives.
  • daughter to Jane R. - Hattie Pruitt, (37 years old) husband W.S. Pruitt, married three times but has no children by last husband at this time, I think she does later.  Children to first husband [W.M. McDonald, and B.F. Glover, both deceased at this time], son Nellie McDonald, and son Leslie Glover.
  • son to Jane R. - George Washington Ridley, (29 years old) wife Georgia A. Holley  [Georgia's father's name is John Thomas Holley, related to Jane Higginbotham?] Children Leafy Mabel, Mary Leta, George William, and male infant born in May, not yet named.
  • daughter to Jane R.- Carrie Hart, (24 years old) husband Tom Hart.  She was born in Texas about 1877, resided in Indian Territory for nine years preceding the making of her application, she says she is 1/4 Choctaw.
  • daughter to Jane R.- Mattie Studebaker, (26 years old) husband Andy Studebaker.  Daughter Inez.
  • son to Jane R.- Robert Ridley (30 years old) lives in Lawton, Ok.  Wife Annie, girl infant.
  • son to Jane R. - Homer Ridley (19 years old)
  • son to Jane R. Charlie Ridley (15 years old)
  • witness - Henry Byington a full blood Choctaw Indian Lawyer states that he has printed records of proceedings of the United States Court of Claims (Case No: 12742)  ”Choctaw Nation of Indians vs. the United States” and that the name Holla is found in Vol.1 on pages 190, 436 and 437, as residing on certain lands in the State of Mississippi.  [Locate this information for confirmation, would be good to have a list of these Holla's]
  • Court Claims this evidence can’t be submitted under the 14th article of the 1830 treaty because they can’t prove relationship between Jane Higginbotham and the Holla’s listed in the records.  [Research this treaty]
  • witness - Charles Smith - [confusion about his true age which makes his testimony a little wishy washy]  He states he is 81 years old, full-blood Choctaw freedman, says he knew Sanford and Jane in AL, they spoke like full blood Choctaw and were recognized as Choctaw.
  • witness - Alsie Ervine - 90 years of age
  • witness - Charles Lane - 90 years of age
  • witness - Prime Harvey - 80 years of age, citizen of creek nation
  • witness - Zack Shoals - Berwyn, Indian Territory
  • witness - Cassie Franklin - Wynnewood, Indian Territory

And just in case you are as unschooled about this time period and what all was going on between the United States and the Native Americans at that time, here is some information that I looked up pertaining to the above information:

From Wikipedia:

The Five Civilized Tribes were the five Native American nations—the CherokeeChickasawChoctawCreek, and Seminole—that were considered civilized by Anglo-European settlers during the colonial and early federal period because they adopted many of the colonists’ customs and had generally good relations with their neighbors.

The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was a treaty signed on September 27, 1830 (and proclaimed on February 24, 1831) between the Choctaw (an American Indian tribe) and the United States Government. This was the first removal treaty carried into effect under the Indian Removal Act. The treaty ceded about 11 million acres (45,000 km2) of the Choctaw Nation (now Mississippi) in exchange for about 15 million acres (61,000 km2) in the Indian territory (now the state of Oklahoma). The principal Choctaw negotiators were Chief Greenwood LeFloreMusholatubbee, and Nittucachee; the U.S. negotiators were Colonel John Coffee and Secretary of War John Eaton.
The site of the signing of this treaty is in the southwest corner of Noxubee County, Mississippi in the United States; the site was known to the Choctaw as Chukfi Ahihla Bogue (Dancing Rabbit Creek). The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was the last major land cession treaty signed by the Choctaw.[citation needed] With ratification by the U.S. Congress in 1831, the treaty allowed those Choctaw who chose to remain in Mississippi to become the first major non-European ethnic group to gain recognition as U.S. citizens.
The Choctaw were the first of the “Five Civilized Tribes” to be removed from the southeastern United States, as the federal and state governments desired Indian lands to accommodate a growing agrarian American society. In 1831, tens of thousands of Choctaw walked the 800-kilometer journey to Oklahoma and many died.[citation needed] Like the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole who followed them, the Choctaw attempted to resurrect their traditional lifestyle and government in their new homeland.

The Choctaw at this crucial time became two distinct groups: the Nation in Oklahoma and the Tribe in Mississippi. The nation retained its autonomy to regulate itself, but the tribe left in Mississippi had to submit to state and U.S. laws. Under article XIV, in 1830 the Mississippi Choctaws became the first major non-European ethnic group to gain U.S. citizenship.[6][7] The Choctaw sought to elect a representative to the U.S. House of Representatives.

The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was one of the largest land transfers ever signed between the United States Government and American Indians in time of peace. The Choctaw ceded their remaining traditional homeland to the United States. Article 14 allowed for some Choctaw to remain in the state of Mississippi, if they wanted to become citizens:

“ART. XIV. Each Choctaw head of a family being desirous to remain and become a citizen of the States, shall be permitted to do so, by signifying his intention to the Agent within six months from the ratification of this Treaty, and he or she shall thereupon be entitled to a reservation of one section of six hundred and forty acres of land, to be bounded by sectional lines of survey; in like manner shall be entitled to one half that quantity for each unmarried child which is living with him over ten years of age; and a quarter section to such child as may be under 10 years of age, to adjoin the location of the parent. If they reside upon said lands intending to become citizens of the States for five years after the ratification of this Treaty, in that case a grant in fee simple shall issue; said reservation shall include the present improvement of the head of the family, or a portion of it. Persons who claim under this article shall not lose the privilege of a Choctaw citizen, but if they ever remove are not to be entitled to any portion of the Choctaw annuity.”[5]
Regarding  the Court Case:
Late Arrivals in Indian Territory and “Net Proceeds Case”
Choctaws in small and large groups continued to travel to Indian Territory throughout the nineteenth century. Most were well received by their brethren previously removed to the territory and did not return to the south. Under the terms of the treaty, Those Choctaws in Indian Territory were eligible to participate in an annuity, which was supposed to be paid them by the United States government to cover the land lost in Mississippi and the costs of removal for those who went to Indian Territory unassisted. The Choctaws remaining in Mississippi, Alabama, and Texas were not eligible for this annuity. The annuity was never paid in full, but resulted in an extensive litigation in a claims case (Choctaw Nation of Indians vs. The United States: U.S. Court of Claims No. 12742, 1882) which came to be called the Net Proceeds Case. The records of this case include extensive testimony about the misdeeds of the U.S. agent William Ward, who breached his trust to the Choctaws by refusing to register many Choctaws who wished to remain in Mississippi.
These records are also full of testimony about names, relationships, and those Indians who did not remove. They are a genealogical treasure trove. Unfortunately, copies of the testimony are hard to find outside of the U.S. Archives. A hardbound edition of the testimony was published for public sale in 1886, but it has never been reprinted. The Oklahoma State Historical Commission in Oklahoma City has a copy of it, as well as an index. There are also copies in the U.S. Archives.

It seems to me that this Agent William Ward and the Government were in Cahoots to deny my Choctaw ancestors (and their people) their natural-born rights, the rights they agreed upon with the Treaty’s.

From reading all the above, I tend to think that this William Ward comes to town and doesn’t register my people.  Then, they try to claim their rights, and OH!!!  They aren’t on the list so they must not be Choctaw, so the government then deny’s their application.

I hope to find this isn’t the case after I do more digging, but it’s not looking good.  I mean how in the world will I prove that my ancestors were Choctaw, when the paperwork is not there to support it, and so much time has passed??  Has anyone else out there gone through this or had the same issues with your Ancestors?

If any of you Higginbotham researchers have the answers to any or all of this,  let’s work together.  That makes all the work so much more fun!

Susie

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